TRR 181 - Energy transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean
TRR-181 is investigating the Atmosphere and Ocean, which is a complex task that needs a combined effort of different scientific fields.
Energy does not "vanish"
The energy of a closed system is steady. It is not lost but rather converted into other forms, such as when kinetic energy is transferred into thermal energy or vice versa heat results in a motion.
However, this fundamental principle of natural science is often still a problem for climate research. For example, in case of the calculation of ocean currents, where small-scale vortices as well as mixing processes they induce need to be considered, without fully understanding where the energy for their creation originates from. This is similar in the atmosphere, the only difference being that air is moving instead of water. Again, local turbulences can drive larger movements or vice versa waves on a larger scale can disintegrate into small structures. All these processes are important for the Earth’s climate and determine how temperatures will rise in the future.
How exactly the energy transfer between waves, eddies and local turbulences in the ocean and the atmosphere works, often remains unclear. The interdisciplinary project „Energy Transfers in Ocean and Atmosphere“ wants to change this: oceanographers, meteorologists and mathematicians from Hamburg, Bremen and Rostock work closely together to achieve this goal. The aim is to develop energetically consistent mathematical models and thus enhance climate analyzes and forecast accuracy. The project is funded by the German Research Foundation.
 Lucarini, V. (2019). Stochastic Resonance for Non-Equilibrium Systems. arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.05048.
 Bódai, T., Drótos, G., Herein, M., Lunkeit, F., & Lucarini, V. (2019). The forced response of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation-Indian monsoon teleconnection in ensembles of Earth System Models. Journal of Climate, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0341.1.
 Lucarini, V., & Gritsun, A. (2019). A New Mathematical Framework for Atmospheric Blocking Events, Climate Dynamics, 1-24, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-019-05018-2.